What is Pneumonia and how can this be prevented?

Pneumonia can cause death if not treated properly and on time.

Pneumonia is a serious infection that affects the air sac in the lungs, resulting in a significant reduction in oxygenation.

Furthermore, Pneumonia is a silent killer. Oxygenation that was impeded will result in low oxygen in the blood. If there is too little oxygen in the blood, body cells cannot work properly. As a result, the infection will spread.

What is Pneumonia?

It is an infection caused by bacteria, virus, fungi, or microbe. The most common cause of pneumonia is bacteria.

Sometimes, dust, chemicals or food accidentally enter the lungs may also cause an inflammatory reaction that can lead to pneumonia. It is commonly called as aspiration pneumonia because those foreign objects cause trauma and inflammation to the lungs.

Pneumonia usually occurs when the body’s immune system is low. This causes a weakens defense mechanism that may allow germs like bacteria to work their way into the lungs and inflame their sacs.

These germs, are normally present in the nose, throat, and mouth. It may be a person in the air but are usually filtered by the body’s defense mechanism and prevented from entering the lungs. When the defense is low, these bacteria can enter and infect the lungs

Symptoms of Pneumonia

  • A patient with pneumonia may have the following
  • Fever with or without chills
  • coughing which may bring up yellow, green, rust or bloody phlegm
  • Pain in chest when breathing or coughing
  • shortness of breath
  • rapid and shallow breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Sweating and flushed color of skin
  • Loss of appetite or upset stomach

The seriousness of pneumonia depends on the type of pneumonia and the overall health status of the person. The very young and the very old are high-risk groups for the development of serious complication from pneumonia. It even leads to death.

Viral Pneumonia, the most common type may be self-limiting but may also be fatal when lit untreated. Although no antibiotic will work for viral pneumonia, rest, good nutrition and drinking lots of water are advised.

Bacterial Pneumonia is usually more severe. It may follow an illness such as cold and flu and even viral pneumonia.

The appropriate antibiotic should be prescribed by a physician. Depending on the severity antibiotic may be given orally or administered by injection.

Fungal Pneumonia is generally difficult to treat. Antifungals are given for long periods of time.

If you suspect that you have Pneumonia consult a doctor immediately and don’t self medicate.

Antibiotics are usually given since most to the cases are associated with a bacterial infection.

It is important that the proper antibiotic is taken at the correct dosage, time, and duration. Inability to do so may lead to resistant organisms that are more difficult to treat.

How is pneumonia Prevented?

Vaccines are available for the prevention of specific types of pneumonia. This is usually given to persons less than 65 years old and children. Ask your doctor about it.

Maintain healthy, clean lifestyle, eat a balanced diet, get enough rest and exercise regularly to enhance the immune system.

Stop smoking! Smoking destroys the natural defense of the lungs and may lead to lung diseases

Avoid crowded places especially when your immune system is low.


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